The following tabs offer examples of citations according to the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, 2017. Though technically one citation style, Chicago has two forms: the bibliography style and the author-date style, which is also known as the reference list style. The bibliography style involves either footnotes or endnotes in the text of your paper, and a bibliography of the sources you used at the end of your paper. The author-date style involves citations in parentheses within the text of your paper, and list of references at the end of your paper. A bibliography and a list of references are very similar to each other, but do have a few differences in how they are presented.
In her book, A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Kate Turabian introduces the two styles in the following passage:
The two most common forms of citation [are] called notes-bibliography style, or simply bibliography style (used widely in the humanities and in some social sciences), and parenthetical citations-reference list style, or reference list style (used in most social sciences and in the natural and physical sciences). If you are not certain which style to use in a paper, consult your instructor (Turabian, 15.3).
The following two links will take you to a guide dedicated to each of these two branches of the Chicago style:
Bibliography style | Author-date style
(also called the reference list style)
Meriam Library | CSU, Chico