SWRK 485 - Social Welfare Policy

Subject Guide

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William Cuthbertson
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Book, one author:
Fussell, P. (1975). The Great War and modern memory. New York: Oxford University Press.

Chapter from book:
Marcus, J. (1989). The asylums of Antaeus: Women, war, and madness—

        is there a feminist fetishism? In H. A.Veeser (Ed.),

         The new historicism (pp. 132-151). New York: Routledge.

Journal article (print, microform, PDF), one author:
Mott, F. W. (1916). The effects of high explosives upon the central nervous system. The Lancet, 1, 331-338.

Journal article (print, microform, PDF), more than six authors:
Johnson, A.J., Wittenberg, E., Haigh, M., Wigley, S., Becker, J., Brown, K., et al. (2004).

        The process of relationship development and deterioration: Turning points in friendships that

        have terminated. Communication Quarterly, 52(1), 54-67.

Journal article (online from a library subscription database), two authors:
With DOI: Morio, H. & Buchholz, C. (2008). How anonymous are you online? Examining

        online social behaviors from a cross-cultural perspective.

       AI & Society, 23(2), 297-307. DOI:10.1007/s00146-007-0143-0

Without DOI: Longaretti, L. & Wilson, J. (2006). The Impact of Perceptions on Conflict

        Management. Educational  Research Quarterly,29(4), 3-15.  Retrieved September 12, 2008,

        from Academic Search Premiere database.

Journal article (online from an Internet-only journal), one author:
Fredrickson, B.L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being.

        Prevention & Treatment, 3, Article 0001a. Retrieved April 4, 2004, from


Newspaper article, one author:
Tommasini, A. (1998, October 27). Master teachers whose artistry glows in private. New York Times, p. B2.

Newspaper article, no known author:
Cigarette sales fall 30% as California tax rises. (1999, September 14). New York Times, p. A17.

Article from CQ Researcher (electronic version):
Hatch, D. (2003, June 6). Drug company ethics. The CQ Researcher Online, 13, 521-544. Retrieved July 4, 2003.


Web page with no known author and no known date:
GVU's 8th WWW user survey. (n.d.). Retrieved April 2, 2004, from


Citing the NASW Code of Ethics listed on the NASW Web site  

In-Text: Social work professionals are held to a “constellation of core values” (National Association of Social Workers [NASW], 2008, preamble).  

Reference entry: National Association of Social Workers. (2008). Preamble to the code of ethics. Retrieved May 4, 2008, from http://www.socialworkers.org/pubs/ Code/code.asp  (No period after the URL)

How to Cite Policy

Citing Laws & Bills

Federal Statute:

APA citation style for statutes is constructed with the following elements:

  • Name of Statute
  • Title Number
  • Source (e.g. United States Code or U.S.C. for short)
  • Section Number(s)
  • Year

Example: Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, 29 U.S.C. §§ 2601–2654 (2006)

State Statute:

Example of a state law citation from the Purdue OWL websiteMental Care and Treatment Act, 4 Kan. Stat. Ann.§§ 59-2901-2941 (1983 & Supp. 1992).

Explanation: This Kansas act can be found in codified version between sections 2901 and 2941 in Chapter 59 of volume 4 of the 1983 edition of Kansas Statutes Annotated. Two amendments to the act and additional references are provided in the 1992 supplement for the Kansas Statutes Annotated.

Federal or State Bills:

For unenacted bills, gather the following information:

  • Name of Bill
  • Senate or House bill number. Use S. for Senate, H. for House
  • Congressional session number
  • Year
  • URL of page you found the bill

Example from Cook Library, Towson UniversityOil Pollution Prevention and Response Act of 2009, S. 684, 111th Cong. (2009). Retrieved from http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c111:S.684

Government Reports & Websites

Government Report:

Citing a government report is similar to citing a book. Often the author will be the government agency. If there is a specific report number available reference, include it in parentheses after the title. 

Example: National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Government Webpage: 

List as much of the following information as possible--you might need to look closely at the website:

Government Agency. (Date of publication). Title of webpage. Retrieved from http://Web address

Example: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). School-associated violent death study. Retreived from: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/youthviolence/schoolviolence/savd.html

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