Empirical Research is research that is based on experimentation or observation, i.e. Evidence. Such research is often conducted to answer a specific question or to test a hypothesis (educated guess).
How do you know if a study is empirical? Read the subheadings within the article, book, or report and look for a description of the research "methodology." Ask yourself: Could I recreate this study and test these results?
These are some key features to look for when identifying empirical research.
NOTE: Not all of these features will be in every empirical research article, some may be excluded, use this only as a guide.
- Statement of methodology
- Research questions are clear and measurable
- Individuals, group, subjects which are being studied are identified/defined
- Data is presented regarding the findings
- Controls or instruments such as surveys or tests were conducted
- There is a literature review
- There is discussion of the results included
- Citations/references are included
See also Empirical Research Guide