The California Indian Historywebsite makes available online primary sources authored or reported by non-Indian witnesses, and oftentimes perpetrators, who documented Euro-American violence against California Indigenous Peoples from the Gold Rush into the second half of the 19th century.
The Indigenous Studies Portal (iPortal) is a database of full-text electronic resources such as articles, e-books, theses, government publications, videos, oral histories, and digitized archival documents and photographs. The iPortal content has a primary focus on Indigenous peoples of Canada with a secondary focus on North American materials and beyond.
Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Sources
This short 2.5 minute video created by Suffolk County Community College Library provides a broad outline of what Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Sources are, with examples of each.
Archives & Special Collections: types of repositories
You may be surprised to know that there are several special collections or archives located in the United States, in California, in Chico, and on campus. There are several types of Archives, distinguished by their funding sources and the material types they collect.
College and university archives preserve materials related to a specific academic institution. One example is Meriam Library University Archivesoffice is located on the Chico State campus library, room 305. MLUA collects materials focused on the history of the Chico State campus.
Historical societies are organizations that seek to preserve and promote the interest in the history or a region, a particular historical period, non-government organizations, or a certain subject. The collections of a historical society typically focus on a state or a community, and may be in charge of maintaining some governmental records as well. Butte County Historical Society, Tehama County Genealogical & Historical Society, and Colusi County Historical Society work to preserve Butte, Tehama, Colusa, and Glenn counties history respectively.
Special Collections are institutions containing materials from individuals, families, and organizations considered to have significant historical value. Often a special collections repository will be a department within a library, holding the library's rarest or most valuable rare books, original manuscripts, and collections of local history for the community. Meriam Library Special Collections office is located on the Chico State campus library, room 305. MLSPC collects materials related to Northeastern California service area: including the history of the Chico State campus, the environment, primary industries, and people of our Northeastern California service area.
Museums are similar to archives, but usually emphasize exhibiting or displaying their collections. Museums also collect and preserve diverse collections, artifacts, or artwork rather than books and papers. Some museums might also have libraries or archives, or be within a library or archives.
Archives & Special Collections: regional, local, state, and national
The following list of potential collections is not exhaustive, but organized to give you a start on your primary source research
The Meriam Library Special Collections Department is a unique regional resource of written and pictorial materials, maps, photographs, oral histories, and public documents, that are collected to serve the research and information needs of the north state.Through our collections we seek to document the historical and contemporary developments of the University, the City of Chico, Butte County, and the larger 12 county region of northeastern California.
In the early 1960s, Dorothy Hill and colleagues began interviewing Native American Elders in Northern California to document their cultural practices, language, and lifeways. The resulting materials are now held at the CSU Chico Special Collections at Meriam Library. Many of the photographs she produced are available online, in the Dorothy M. Hill Collection, linked here.
1846- present, a freely accessible repository of digitized California newspapers, this collection contains 200,005 newspaper issues. The CNDC is a project of the Center for Bibliographical Studies and Research at University of California, Riverside,
1789- 1925, Chronicling America is a website providing access to information about historic newspapers and select digitized newspaper pages, and is produced by the National Digital Newspaper Program. The NDNP is a partnership between the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress.
1865- 1922, this historical digital archive offers full page and article images and is full text searchable; this provides researchers and scholars with online access to historical coverage of politics, society, and events.