Citing Sources -- APA 7th ed.

Theses and Dissertations

How you cite dissertations and theses is dependent whether the work is published or unpublished. Unpublished dissertations and theses are normally found in print form on a university's or college's library shelves. Published works are found online, either in a database, or in a digital university archive or even on a personal website.

Unpublished theses and dissertations cite the university or college as a source. Published theses cite the database or archive as a source, and insert the university or college name in the brackets following the title.


Unpublished thesis:

  • Mobilio, L. D. (2002). The developing writer: a handbook for upper elementary school teachers [Unpublished master's thesis]. California State University, Chico.

Published thesis:

  • Denno, J. (2013). Clinical reasoning in nursing students [Master's thesis, California State University, Chico]. Chico Digital Repository.
  • Hayward, G. M. (2020). Searching for Meaning: New Methods, Measures, and Modeling Approaches in the Sociology of Religion (Order No. 27963394) [Doctoral dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill].  ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global: The Humanities and Social Sciences Collection. 



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