Citing Sources -- the Chicago/Turabian style
The following tabs offer examples of citations according to the Chicago Manual of Style and to Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, which presents a variant form of the style presented in the Chicago manual. This guide illustrates the Turabian style of citing sources. The Turabian style follows The Chicago Manual of Style but is meant to provide a simplified version.
There are two forms of citation that comprise the Chicago/Turabian style: the bibliography style and the reference list style. Turabian introduces the two styles in the following passage:
The two most common forms of citation [are] called notes-bibliography style, or simply bibliography style (used widely in the humanities and in some social sciences), and parenthetical citations-reference list style, or reference list style (used in most social sciences and in the natural and physical sciences). If you are not certain which style to use in a paper, consult your instructor (Turabian, 15.3).
Which style you use governs whether you create a bibliography of sources or a reference list of sources at the end of your paper. If you use the bibliography style you use either footnotes or endnotes in the text of your paper (see the footnotes and endnotes tabs) and create a bibliography of sources at the end of the paper. If you use the reference list style, you cite your sources in parentheses in the text of your paper (see the parentheticals tab) and create a reference list at the end of the paper.