Citing Sources -- APA

Print articles (as opposed to articles in electronic form)

Article citations in your list of references generally use the following structure:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (2009). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Name of journal, volume number(issue
     number), page numbers.

  1. The author(s) should be the first element. If no author is present, start with the article title.

  2. List author's last name, followed by a comma then initials for first and middle name. Do not spell out author's first or middle name.

  3. Use "&" instead of "and" when listing multiple authors of a single work

  4. For a journal article with more than seven authors, list the first seven authors and then include an elipsis (three periods, like this: ...)  Following the elipsis, list the last author.

  5. The date is always the second element and is contained in parentheses.  Dates are written (Year, month, day) -- for example, (2009, August 27).

  6. Article titles are plain text. No quotes or italics
    .
  7. Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle for article titles
    .
  8. Journal titles should be in italics
    .
  9. Capitalize the first letter of each word in a periodical title except articles (a, an, the)
    .
  10. If a journal has both a volume and an issue number, write the volume number followed by the issue number in parenthesis. There is no space between the volume number and the open parenthesis.  Volume numbers of periodicals should be in italics.

  11. Each element (author, date, title, etc.) of a citation is separated by a period and one space
     

Journal article, from a journal with continuous pagination:
Mivedev, Z. (1990). The environmental destruction of the Soviet Union. The Ecologist, 20, 24-29.

Journal article, from a journal with separate pagination:
Ayoade, J. (1989). The culture debate in Africa. The Black Scholar, 20(2-3), 2-7.

Journal article, two authors:
Longaretti, L., & Wilson, J. (2006). The impact of perceptions on conflict management. Educational Research
     Quarterly, 29
(4), 3-15.

Journal article, three to seven authors:
Wise, K., Eckler, P., Kononova, A., & Littau, J. (2009). Exploring the hardwired for news hypothesis: How threat
     proximity affects cognitive and emotional processing of health-related print news. Communication Studies,
     60
(3), 268-287.

Journal article, seven or more authors:
Martino, D., Draganski, B., Cavanna, A., Church, A., Defazio, G., Robertson, M.M., Frackowiak, R.S.,...
     Critchley, H.D. (2008, Jul).
Anti-basal ganglia antibodies and Tourette's syndrome: A voxel-based
     morphometry and diffusion tensor imaging study in an adult population.
Journal of Neurology,
     Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
, 79(7), 820-822.

Magazine article:
Ferguson, S. (1990, September/October). America's frustration with the homeless. Utne Reader, 41, 50-55.

Newspaper article:
Lohr, S. (2004, December 3). Health care technology is a promise unfinanced. The New York Times, p. C5.

Newspaper article, no author:
Environmental audits being considered by EC. (1991, February 11). Wall Street Journal, p. A8.

 

Based upon the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, section 7.01.

More Info

Meriam Library | CSU, Chico